Among the different classes of inventions that human beings have developed throughout history, writing is probably one of the most important, given that its relevance has transcended time, and marked a turning point in the history of mankind, separating the prehistoric period and beginning the Ancient Age . That is why it is important to know who invented writing.
Thanks to the appearance of writing, it was possible to preserve the knowledge that was being acquired, and to leave a record of the way of life of different cultures and civilizations prior to our time. It serves to complement the spoken language, making it tangible that perpetuates the idea or situation that you want to convey.
The origins of the writing are in the area of Mesopotamia, and they date from approximately three thousand years before Christ . It was developed by the Sumerian culture, and receives the name of cuneiform writing, because its characters had wedge shapes. It was created in response to the need to keep a record of the commercial transactions that were carried out at that time.
Cuneiform writing used pictograms ; drawings that interpret real objects, through which, and through their use in conjunction with others, a message could be transmitted in the quest to communicate certain knowledge. It was carried out in cones or spheres made of clay, and it was always accompanied by the seal of the contracting party in the transaction that was being carried out.
Around that time, and influenced by the Sumerians, Egyptian hieroglyphs made their appearance. With different symbols in their writing, and that they used as material to capture it the surfaces of the monuments they built, as well as vessels, and papyri. In America, the only known culture that developed its own system independently were the Mayans.